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Pakistani Agriculture Sector and Its Diverse Products

With its rich history and diverse landscape, Pakistan boasts a thriving agricultural sector, the backbone of its economy. From fertile plains to high mountains, the country’s geographic diversity allows it to produce a wide range of agricultural products for both domestic consumption and international markets. The different aspects of Pakistan’s agricultural sector and the range of products it produces make it worthwhile.

Land and Climate

Pakistan’s diverse climate with tropical, subtropical and temperate zones enables the cultivation of a wide variety of crops. The Indus River and its tributaries serve as a lifeline and provide water for irrigation in the plains. The seasonal temperature enhances the yields of Pakistani crops which is fair enough to meet the needs of the country and across borders.

Main crops


Wheat is often referred to as the country’s “breadbasket” and is the most important crop for domestic consumption and food security in Pakistan. Wheat, which comes from the Fertile Crescent, is a staple crop. In Pakistan, the province of Punjab is the main producer. This cereal grain plays an important role in the country’s economy as it serves as a basis for nutrition and contributes significantly to agriculture and the food industry.


Pakistani basmati rice is known for its aroma and taste and is sought after worldwide. The country is one of the largest exporters of this premium grain. Rice, which has been cultivated in Asia since ancient times, is widely grown in the Punjab province of Pakistan. This staple food not only feeds millions of people but also plays a vital role in the country’s economy, contributing significantly to agriculture, exports and the livelihoods of many farmers and workers.


Cotton production is an important source of income that supports both the economy and employment. Cotton, which dates back to ancient times, thrives in Punjab, the heart of Pakistan. It is an important cash crop that sustains the country’s economy by providing textiles, employment and export earnings. Pakistan’s cotton production provides multiple livelihoods and industries, reinforcing its role as a cornerstone of the country’s economic growth. It is mainly produced in these cities of Sindh province, Benazirabad, Hyderabad, Jamshoro, Mirpur Khas, Naushero Feroz, Sanghar, Badin, Sukkar, Ghotki, Tharparkar, Thatta, and Umar Kot.

suger Cane

Sugar cane cultivation, an important component of the burgeoning sugar industry, plays an important role in the rural economy. Sugar cane, which originated in Southeast Asia, flourishes in Sindh, Pakistan. This tall grass plays an important role in the country’s economy, driving the sugar industry and providing a livelihood for farmers. With its sweet yields and diverse uses, sugarcane remains an important factor in the stability of Pakistan’s agricultural sector and economy. More than half of the total sugarcane area is in the Bahawalpur district of Punjab and the Sukkur district of Sindh.


This versatile crop serves as fodder, raw material for various industries and a source of staple products. Widely grown in Punjab, Pakistan, maize is a versatile crop that is vital to the country’s economy. It is used for human consumption, animal feed and industry, thus contributing to food security and supporting the agricultural sector. Its cultivation empowers rural communities and contributes to economic growth in various sectors, making maize an integral part of Pakistan’s economic landscape. 11 districts in KPK/North Punjab and 9 districts in Central Punjab produce 84% or maize.



Pakistan’s citrus fruits, including oranges, kinnows and lemons, are known for their taste and quality. Sargodha, in the Punjab province of Pakistan, is known for its great taste and delicacy.


Pakistan’s mangoes, known as the ‘King of Fruits’, are appreciated worldwide for their taste and variety. Mirpur Khas in Sindh province of Pakistan is an important mango-growing area. It is known as the ‘Mango City’ and has celebrated an annual Mango Festival since 1955.


High-quality apples for local and international markets are grown in the country’s cooler regions. At present, apples are mainly grown in the Kalat, Killa Saifullah, Loralai, Mastung, Pishin, Quetta and Ziarat valleys.


The dry regions are ideal for growing dates and they complement the country’s diverse fruit basket. Khairpur Mir is the largest producer of dates in Pakistan. The main varieties of dates grown by Khairpur Mirs are Assel Dates, Karbalain Dates, Kupro Dates.



Potatoes are a staple of Pakistani cuisine and are grown in different climatic conditions in different regions. In Punjab, 75% of the potato crop is grown in Kasur, Okara, Depalpur, Sahiwal and Pakpattan. It is also known as the potato core area.


Onion is an important vegetable crop that helps meet domestic consumption and export demand. More than 50 % of the total production comes from seven districts, namely Hyderabad, Mirpur, Sanghar, Swat, Mastung, Kalat and Turbat.


Tomatoes are used in various dishes and are grown across the country to meet domestic and industrial demand. Around 70,000 tons of tomatoes are grown annually in an area of around 17,000 hectares in and around Larkana.


a very important agricultural crop in Pakistan, is of huge importance. They enrich flavours, are healthy and contribute to the country’s economy. The following cities are the main producers of garlic. Swabi, Mardan, Charsadda, Attock, Naushera, Peshawar, Malakand, Banu, Kohat, Swat, Deira, Islamabad, Chak Shahzad, Bharakawa, Rawalpindi, Chakri, Mansher, Abbottabad, Haripur, Hazara district, Jhang, Jhelum, Sargodha, Chitchawatni, Lahore.


Chilli is an essential seasoning in Pakistani cuisine and different varieties of chilli are grown to add flavour and heat to dishes. Kunri, in the southern Sindh province of Pakistan, is known as the red chilli capital of Asia and accounts for 85% of Pakistan’s red chilli production, representing 1.5% of the country’s GDP.

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